Any electricity supply that is based on renewables also comes with new challenges. A large portion of the electricity is generated by decentralised installations and must be transported over long distances once it is fed into the grid. This notably applies to the large amounts of wind power generated in Germany’s north, from where it is taken to the centres of consumption in southern Germany. The success of the energy transition will therefore much depend on our ability to expand the large supra-regional transmission grids and also local distribution grids. This work to expand the grids must go hand in hand with efforts to step up demand-side management and to render power plants more flexible. Digitalising the energy transition will help us to better balance supply and demand and to harness the potential for energy efficiency.
In order to ensure the energy supply is fit for the future, over the coming years, energy efficiency will need to be improved, renewable energies expanded, flexibility increased, electricity grids expanded and optimised, and the various energy sectors (electricity, heat, transport) more closely coupled.
The SINTEG programme is making an important contribution in the following fields of action:
- Flexibility, sector coupling
- Grid operation, system stability
- Legal framework
- International networking